In the outer 'burbs you are not going to encourage high density living, that's why people live there. For some smaller stations there are no local shops as the walk in traffic is too low or in other locations he shops maybe co-located with the station, but more reliant on other customers than 2h of commuters twice a day.
ESR has distance spaced stations because its underground (read each station is $$$) and the line was built half arsed, it was suppose to branch off in two locations and the locals protested an addition station location from being completed. Meanwhile it still moves something like 60% of the NSL into the city each morning.
The DAA rules apply to all greenfield projects.
Many new lines have stations that are actually difficult to attract too many walk up users as the line is typically placed away from housing by design for noise control and also ROW corridors that were previously reserved.
They do not impact on business because if I need a loaf of bread, I will buy it somewhere. Most of the shops around legacy stations are serving essential commuter items like coffee, sandwich, milk, bread, newspaper etc or essential service, not discretionary spending like furniture/TV etc. For the likes of the NWRL, while in some cases there are near by shops, the one station I used I didn't recall any Not sure if any within the station itself. If there are none, the commuters will just spend their money on these items elsewhere, such as destination or on the way to the station.
I commuted from Gosford station for 8 years using both car and bus and I can tell you I almost never used the shops near the station until the walk way bridge across Mann Street was built and even then it was very rare. If I used the bus, definitely nothing spent in the AM/PM apart from sometimes the machine on the station and very very rarely in PM if I was connecting with the bus. If I drove, then I might stop at the petrol station in either direction. The most common place for me to spend money was at the school/work end, although I didn't work in the city.
Moral of the story, the cost and running small low volume stations including the pain of trying to provide a reasonable rail service away from the inner city is simply not worth it. Larger stations have better rail service, security, off-rail facilities such as bus hubs, taxi's, parking, bike, local shops, etc etc. On the newer lines there is always the opportunity for extra in fill stations to be built with population growth, but some of your reference locations wouldn't fill a bus a day. If the traffic isn't in the 1000's/day its not going to happen.
Sorry for late response, been very busy lately,
When I say 'high density' in this context, I am not reffering to high rise apartments, I am still reffering to detached homes, but with no green space between suburbs, think of things like East Hills and Panania, and not things like Bardia and Glenfield.
I am aware that DAA is required for all greenfield projects, but I want to know does DAA just require lifts, or does it also require all of the other extravagant features that make new stations expensive; toilets, 24/7 staff, parking, etc?
Regarding noise control, I am sure there would be a plethora amount of people who would live next to a rail corridor if that meant being able to walk to the station.
Regarding small businesses, I am mainly referring to commuter items, but also discovery, walking from station to destination in the past has helped me discover businesses that I would have missed if I drove.
Even if a station only served 200 return passengers a day, it might seem insignificant, but that could be almost 200 less cars in a commuter car park, which equates to a lot of spaced saved.
I thought I should add in!
Not all car's at any railway station carparks are commuter or worker vehicles, many car's you'll find are people who use to abuse the carparks spaces simply because it's free parking
If you have a look in Wagga Wagga, the average parked car's are normally around 5 to 7 car's for the workers, very few commuter car's would be parked there and the rest are illegally parked
In my opinion, the station staff should be allowed to:-
1) Fine illegally parked car's, unless given permission by the station master to park into any of the zoned space
and a fee must be paid upfront to use the zoned space
2) Have all commuter car's booked in, with a small parking fee under $5 will be great nobody can complain about it anything under $5! You all like coffee so "WHY NOT!"
3) If any vehicle is parked in the carpark for no more than 3 day's, the railway station staff has the right to have the vehicle towed away at NO cost to the railway's itself!
Any illegally parked car owners must, pay for the tow truck and the fine they received within a certain time frame or face court action
This will certainly teach them never to abuse the railway station carparks!
Unfortunately although there might be some truth to this, it is not the ultimate cause of full commuter parks, stations like Holsworthy and Leppington have huge car parks which serve literally nothing but the station yet are still full - and probably cost the same amount to build as it would to built several small basic stations.
As pointed out, there are opal-activated commuter parks that ensure the car park is only used by commuters and these are STILL full.
Maybe this is just another reason that the NSW Government needs to focus on other cities outside of Sydney (NSW has 800,642 km² of land, yet only ONE liveable city with employment and infrastructure, let that sink in),
Sydney is simply becoming too big and sprawling to sustainably provide enough infrastructure (you can get on the M4 and drive west and you will pass a service centre BEFORE even leaving the metropolitan area, let that sink in),
start my providing employment and infrastructure to Newcastle and Wollongong and then focus on growing regional cities to the size of said cities and provide employment and infrastructure there also,
you could probably lower the cost of living and housing in the process, the demand for housing would be spread across multiple cities instead of all focused on one city in a 800,642 km² state.