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Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
RGI-

Venezuela: The second track of the 9·5 km Metro Los Teques from Las Adjuntas to El Tambor was brought into use on October 22.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Venezuela and Italy sign agreement to build railway stretch Cua-La Encrucijada
Posted: 2008/01/09
From: Mathaba
Caracas, Jan 8 (ABN).- An agreement of intention to extend the Railway System “Ezequiel Zamora” that will link Miranda and Aragua states, Venezuela, was signed by the governments of Italy and Venezuela.

The bilateral agreement was signed between the Ministry of the People's Power for Infrastructure, through the State Railways Institute (IAFE, Spanish acronym), and the Italian Embassy, which represents the first step to carry out this important railway stretch.

An IAFE press note reads that the agreements establishes that for the construction of this project both companies and Venezuelan labour force, as well as carrying out a training program for the people in charge of it.

This way, Venezuelan State guarantees, with the knowledge and education transfer, the success at the execution and performance of the railway system.

This railway stretch, Cua-La Encrucijada, will support the regional growth of the Center-Western zone of the country and it will contribute with the National Socialist Railway Plan boosting the agricultural and industrial self-supply in Venezuela
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
PÖYRY AWARDED EUR 5.5 MILLION ASSIGNMENT FOR MASS TRANSIT SYSTEM IN VENEZUELA

Pöyry has been awarded an extension to the existing consultancy engineering contract with Metro de Maracaibo C.A., Venezuela. The value of the assignment is about EUR 5.5 million.

The contract relates to Line 1 of the light rail transportation system in Maracaibo and includes project review, site supervision, quality management, contract management, supervision of the maintenance of electro-mechanical equipment and rolling stock, planning and employee training. The services are to be carried out between January 2008 and end of 2009.

Pöyry has been the client's agent for the transportation system since 2002. The contracts awarded to date, in connection with the system, amount to a total of EUR 30 million. Pöyry has an excellent track record for major transportation projects in Latin America. Projects have been undertaken in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela.

Pöyry is a global consulting and engineering firm focusing on the energy, forest industry and infrastructure & environment sectors. Pöyry's net sales in 2006 amounted to about EUR 620 million and it employs 7000 experts.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
A power blackout hit major parts of Venezuela on Monday, disrupting the railways and other transport systems.

The capital's underground train system, which hundreds of thousands of commuters planned to use to return home later on Monday, was not operating due to the blackout.

It was the second massive outage in just over four months on the OPEC nation's electricity grid, which is creaking from outdated infrastructure and low investment.

In some areas, such as the central commercial city of Barquisimeto, electricity was lost for only a few seconds.

And the government moved to assure residents that electricity was being restored quickly in affected areas.

Supply began returning to parts of the capital and would soon start to be restored in other regions, a senior government electricity official, Hipolito Izquierdo, told state television.

Witnesses confirmed some power was being restored to parts of the capital as lights began flickering back on before Caracas's busy rush hour was set to begin. Electricity was slowly returning across the western oil-producing state of Zulia too, witnesses said.

Flights were also affected as long lines formed at the main airport outside Caracas as computers failed, preventing passengers from checking in, and flights were delayed. Travellers, sweating without air conditioning, cheered when the lights came back.

The government did not immediately know the cause of the outage that was triggered by a problem in a provincial transmission line, Izquierdo said.

In April, an even larger blackout hit Venezuela and officials failed to restore power for several hours.

That outage caused chaos for commuters who were caught in snarled traffic or forced to walk miles home as underground trains stopped operating and armed troops poured onto the streets to keep order.

After that outage, the government of President Hugo Chavez acknowledged there has been too little investment in the electricity grid over the last few years. It promised massive spending but warned it could take time for the new investment to improve the system.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Caracas metro renovation underway
11 Mar 2009

VENEZUELA: Metro de Caracas is investing BsF4bn to refurbish Line 1 between Propatria and Palo Verde. The route now carries more than 1·5 million passengers on a working day, and the metro must meet an anticipated demand of 3 million passengers a day in 2014.

The programme, which began in February, includes rail replacement, modernisation of electrical equipment, automatic train control and signalling systems, and replacement of air-conditioning in the trains and on stations. Operational and commercial zones will be refurbished and air-conditioning installed in ticket kiosks and staff rest areas.

The plan also envisages the purchase of 117 new escalators at an additional cost of BsF130m, as the existing escalators are deemed beyond repair. Most work will be carried out at night to avoid service disruption, but station closures are foreseen where major modernisation is required, for example at Chacaíto, where service will be suspended for a week in mid-April.

Rolling stock refurbishment is underway, and 100 cars - half the fleet - have already received a major overhaul. To increase train capacity from 2 200 to 2 900 passengers, the seven-car sets will have fewer seats, more hand straps and wider doorways.

To increase Line 1’s capacity at peak hours, Metro de Caracas has introduced express trains which leave the termini empty and pick up at the busiest stations along the route. This measure will be in place until 2012, when the refurbishment should be complete, and the fleet increased from 37 to 48 trains.

Modernisation of Line 2 between Las Adjuntas and El Silencio will begin in 2010. The project envisages construction of a new terminal containing a shopping centre and recreation area with a park and gym.
 
574M - Moderator White Guru

Location: Shepparton
Chavez seizes control of transport systems

http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/03/22/2522859.htm?section=justin

Chavez seizes control of transport systems

By Richard Reynolds and staff reporters

Posted 9 hours 15 minutes ago
Updated 7 hours 13 minutes ago

Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez has sent in troops to take over ports, airports and major rail junctions.

Sending in the troops was not a complete surprise, as earlier this week the Venezuelan congress, which backs President Chavez, passed a law giving him control of all major transportation systems, but it still shocked some.

President Chavez says the move reverses a 20-year-old decision, that handed the authority of ports and airports to state governments.

When Mr Chavez announced the changes last week, he threatened to arrest opposition governors if they resisted, prompting thousands to take to the streets of the capital Caracas in protests.

Respected observers say it is just the latest in many moves the President has made to cement his control over all aspects of the country.

Last month President Chavez passed a constitutional amendment allowing to him to run indefinitely for President.

His economic model is now unsustainable considering the dramatic drop in the price of crude oil, on which it relied.

Meanwhile, Mr Chavez has also unveiled a series of economic measures in response to falling revenues, proposing spending cuts of nearly 7 per cent and an increase in sales tax.

President Chavez also promised that government expenses would be pared back.

"We are preparing a decree to eliminate luxury costs, the acquisition of executive vehicles, redecorating, property, new headquarters, promotional material and unnecessary publicity, corporate gifts - all these should be eliminated from the national budget," he said.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Shonky figures department arriving here - Tonne kilometres? Passenger kilometres?

Venezuelan railway project with Chinese technology inaugurated  
http://www.chinaview.cn  2009-03-23 11:12:17    

   CARACAS, March 22 (Xinhua) -- Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez on Sunday inaugurated a railway construction project in central Venezuela that will be built with Chinese technology and funding.

   Chavez inaugurated the construction work of the Llanos railway during his Sunday TV-radio program "Alo, Presidente."

   He said the project was financed by the Chinese-Venezuelan Strategic Fund, which was created on May 2008 to finance projects in energy, agriculture, transport sectors.

   The cost of the project will surpass 800 million U.S. dollars, the president said.

   The railway of around 470 km long, will connect the towns of Tinaco, El Pao, Ortiz, Chaguaramas and Valle de la Pascua with the state of Anzoategui, northeast Venezuela.

   Constructed by Chinese and Italian companies, the railway line is part of the national railway system, which includes 15 lines totalling 13,600 km long.

   The line is expected to start operation in middle 2012 with the highest train speed of 220 km per hour.

   During the televised inauguration, Chavez talked with representatives from the Chinese and Italian companies and told them that the railway will render great help for the country's economic development.

   Chinese Ambassador to Venezuela Zhang Tuo attended the inauguration ceremony, saying the railway will be one of the most modern in the world, thanks to the technology provided by the China Railway Group Ltd. (Crec).

   Bai Zhongren, vice president of Crec de Venezuela, said the railway is expected to transport 9.9 billion tons of goods each year and 5.8 billion passengers.

   "We believe that with our determination and China's advanced technology, we will be able to complete the project with success," Bai said.

   The China Railway Group Ltd. ranked 342nd in Fortune Magazine's "Global 500" list in 2007. It has built railway of about 70,000 km in China.
 
awsgc24 Minister for Railways

Location: Sydney
Poyry appears to be Finnish.

See: http://www.poyry.com/group/group_10.html
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Poyry appears to be Finnish.

See: http://www.poyry.com/group/group_10.html/quote


For those who had trouble finding the relevance of this, you need to go back to a 23 January post.
- awsgc24
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
CARACAS -(Dow Jones)- The Venezuelan government signed a $7.5 billion contract with the China Railway Engineering Corp. for the construction of 468 kilometres of railway that will link four different states.

It is the largest contract signed by Venezuela outside of the oil industry, Public Works Minister Diosdado Cabello said Thursday in comments broadcast by state television.

The project will be completed in three and half years, Cabello said.

The railway will change the face of Venezuela's central region and help farmers in the area by lowering transportation costs, he added.

Under President Hugo Chavez, the government has sought to develop a nationwide railway network. Most of the projects are awaiting completion.

As part of the contract, China Railway Engineering Corp. agreed to 40% with the Venezuelan government in joint venture to build train wagons in Venezuelan territory.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
In what is now the largest contract ever signed by Venezuela outside of those dealing with the oil industry, the country will build a 468 km rail line between Cojedes and Anzoategui as part of a $7.5bn joint venture with China.

Venezuela holds a 60% stake in the agreement signed with state-owned China Railways Engineering Corporation.

The rail line will link grain and cattle production in the south-western Cojedes state with oil fields in the eastern Anzoategui state.

The line will ease and lower costs of cargo transportation within the country, particularly benefiting farmers, as well as workers at the Orinoco oil field.

The line is expected to be complete in 2011.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Venezuela rail construction contract agreed
03 August 2009  

VENEZUELA: China Railway Engineering Corp's Venezuelan subsidiary is to build the planned 471 km railway between Anaco and Tinaco under an agreement reached with state railway IFE and the Ministry of Public Works & Housing on July 30.

The deal is worth US$7·5bn, making it one of the largest overseas contracts won by a Chinese firm, and one of Venezuela's largest international contracts outside the oil sector.

Construction of the 468 km east -west route is expected to take 40 months, with completion planned for 2012. The double-track line will be electrified and designed for 220 km/h operation. Traffic is predicted at 5·8 million passengers in the first year, and 9·8 million tonnes of freight are expected to be carried.

CREC intends to appoint China Railway Group Ltd as contractor for the works, subject to a review of the project by the subsidiary company's board.

The agreement also provides for the creation of four joint ventures that would produce passenger cars and rolling stock components as well as sleepers. According to Public Works & Housing Minister Diosdado Cabello, CREC will also transfer maintenance technology with at least 100 IFE personnel to be trained 'to guarantee that in the future we will be able to make the necessary repairs'. Venezuela is also expecting to establish what it describes as Latin America's first rail rolling plant.

IFE currently operates two unconnected standard-gauge lines totalling 370 km, but the National Railway Development Plan proposes the construction of a further 13 665 km by 2030.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Siemens to supply Caracas Cabeltren electronics
20 November 2009  

VENEZUELA: Siemens Industry Solutions has won an order to supply Doppelmayr Cable Car with drive, power and control equipment for the 2·3 km Cabletren Bolivariano cable-hauled shuttle being built to link two Caracas metro stations.

Due to open at the end of 2011, the automated peoplemover will link Petare on metro Line 1 with the future Waraira Repano station on Line 6. There will be five stations and four trains, with a journey time of around 7½ min and a capacity of 3500 passengers.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
President Chávez opens three stations on Caracas metro
15 January 2010  

VENEZUELA: President Chávez opened three new stations on Caracas metro Line 3, at Los Jardines, Coche and Mercado, on January 9.

The Line 3 extension between El Valle and Rinconada entered service in October 2006 to provide an interchange to the Tuy Medio suburban line at La Rinconada, and remained operational whilst the stations were built. The route cost US$1·35bn and is expected to handle around 260 000 passengers per day.

Speaking at the inauguration, Chávez pledged to continue expanding and improving the city’s metro network, which carried almost 492 million passengers in 2009.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Chavez inspects railroads work; announces Chinese involvement and investment

VHeadline News Editor Patrick J. O'Donoghue reports: President Chavez has announced a readjustment of long-term joint plans with China to be finalized with a visiting commission of Chinese business persons.

Opening up plans to develop Venezuela's railroad network, President Chavez held his Sunday radio address dedicated to public works.

The railroad plan stretching through 2030 covers 13,665 kilometres, which, the President stated, needs an investment of $150 billion ... almost as big as the investment in the Orinoco Oil Belt. All the companies arriving at the Belt, the President said, bring investments with them.

Chinese investment will be around $30 billion and Chinese companies will be involved in the building the line. Other companies are encouraged to come with investments in the sector.

The President inspected work on the Puerto Cabello-La Encrucijada branch consisting of 128 kilometres.

Chavez declared that the railroad project will be Socialist in as far as the line boost points of development along the line.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Venezuela and Italy Jumpstart Stalled Railway Construction ( 0)
Sunday, May 30, 2010

Venezuela and Italy gave a jumpstart to joint railway construction projects in the South American country on Thursday with the signing of a series of cooperation accords.

During an official meeting in the Miraflores presidential palace, the Venezuelan Ministry for Housing and Public Works and the Italian Ministry for Infrastructure and Transportation signed a document to “express their commitment to honour previously contracted obligations.”

Another agreement was signed to provide education and technological training to “the communities adjacent to the railway lines of the national railway plan,” according to the Venezuelan Information Ministry.

“Italian companies have helped us so very much in the area of railways, and we want them to continue helping us,” President Hugo Chavez said as he addressed the Italian delegation. He said Venezuela is willing to increase its supply of oil and natural gas to Italy.

The Contuy Medio Consortium, made up of Italian, Venezuelan, and Japanese firms, has been in charge of railway construction including lines to connect Venezuela’s La Encrucijada and Valles del Tuy regions, as well as Caracas and the port city Puerto Cabello, since 1996.

The projects have stalled in recent years as the result of a lack of financing, according to local news reports.

Last Sunday, Chavez said he will not accept the stalling of the projects any longer, and demanded that the Italian companies look for financing independent of the Venezuelan government.

“Those companies have the means to seek financing, and they must do it; they can’t put the whole burden on the national budget [of Venezuela],” Chavez said during his weekly talk show, “Aló, Presidente”.

Chavez also called on Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi to help the seek financing for the projects. Italian Ambassador Luigi Maccotta, who was in the audience during the show along with officials from the Italian firms, promised to speak with Berlusconi on the subject.

During Thursday’s binational meeting, Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini delivered a letter to Chavez from Berlusconi in which the prime minister extended an offer to seek “innovative mechanisms of financing.”

Chavez said he received the letter “with affection, hope, and appreciation,” and expressed his willingness to seek “new horizons in cooperation.”

The president emphasized that it is necessary to construct a “new international order” in response to the world economic downturn sparked by the 2008 financial crisis. “All crises bring opportunity and obligate us to take action,” said Chavez.

Venezuela plans to construct 13,665 kilometres of train line with the capacity to transport 240 million people per year between the country’s major cities by 2030. Railway construction has been revived during Chavez’s two terms as president, following a 70-year standstill.

In other accords signed on Thursday, the health ministries of both countries signed an agreement to cooperate in the fields of oncology, haematology, and paediatrics for low-income populations, and the higher education ministries moved forward on plans for university student exchanges and research cooperation.

Also, the Hydrological Institute of Venezuela signed an agreement with officials from the island of Cerdeña, a region of Italy, to “promote the development of research aimed at the betterment of the management of water resources, by way of training, storage, treatment, quality control, transference and distribution.”

Last year, the Italian firm ENI signed a contract with the Venezuelan state oil company, PDVSA, to develop a section of Venezuela’s vast oil reserve along the Orinoco River.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
TORONTO, ONTARIO, Jun 07, 2010 (MARKETWIRE via COMTEX) -- Crystallex International Corporation  announced today that it has signed a binding agreement (the "Agreement") with China Railway Resources Group Co. Ltd. ("CRRC") to create a strategic partnership for the development of the Las Cristinas gold project in Bolivar State, Venezuela ("Las Cristinas"). China Railway Engineering Corporation ("CREC") is the world's largest contracting and engineering company and one of the world's 150 largest companies. It is one of China's largest state-owned companies with the majority of its shares held by the People's Republic of China.

CRRC and Crystallex have met with the Government of Venezuela to apprise them of this strategic partnership and are very pleased by the Government of Venezuela's expression of support. Both Crystallex and CRRC are working closely with Venezuelan officials to obtain the approvals and permits required to bring Las Cristinas into production. The advancement of Las Cristinas will benefit all stakeholders and especially the people of Venezuela, particularly in Bolivar State.

Under the terms of the Agreement, CRRC is leading the efforts of the strategic partnership to unblock the stalled environmental permitting process for Las Cristinas and will provide the necessary project capital to develop the project to commercial production at an optimized mining rate.

Upon completion of the transactions contemplated by the Agreement, Crystallex will hold a one-third fully carried interest in the Las Cristinas Joint Venture and CRRC will have a two-thirds interest. Crystallex will contribute the Las Cristinas Mine Operating Contract, Feasibility Study, all design and engineering already completed by Crystallex and other project assets. CRRC will provide the necessary construction and operating capital to fund project development, optimized expansion and operation and will be responsible for construction of the project. Crystallex will pay for its one-third carried interest of the capital costs provided by CRRC from its share of future cash flows from the project. In addition, CRRC will assist Crystallex to retire the outstanding noteholders' obligations; will provide a construction guarantee; and has agreed to make an equity investment in Crystallex following closing of the transactions, at a share price based on the then prevailing market price of the common shares of Crystallex.

CRRC had previously advanced Crystallex US$2.5 million during the negotiation of this Agreement. Subject to requisite regulatory and shareholder approvals, this US$2.5 million advance is convertible into common shares of Crystallex at a price of Cdn$0.40 per share. CRRC shall also have a onetime option to convert a portion of funds advanced to Crystallex to satisfy its obligation to the noteholders into common shares of Crystallex at a price of Cdn$0.40 per share for a period of five years from the date of funding, provided that CRRC and its affiliates shall beneficially own not more than 19.9% of the outstanding common shares of Crystallex after giving effect to such conversion. CRRC shall have the right to maintain its pro rata equity interest in Crystallex to a maximum of 19.9% of the outstanding shares.

The closing of the transactions contemplated by the Agreement is subject to the applicable regulatory, government and shareholder approvals, satisfaction or waiver of all conditions contained in the Agreement and the execution and delivery of all closing documents including final definitive agreements which are being prepared and are expected to be completed before July 30, 2010. A meeting of Crystallex's shareholders to approve the transactions is expected to be held in August, 2010 with closing expected in the third quarter of 2010. A copy of the Agreement will be filed on http://www.sedar.com within 24 hours of this release.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Panzhihua Steel inks supply deal for Venezuelan railway project
Monday, 06 September 2010 11:36:06 (GMT+2)

Panzhihua Steel, a Sichuan Province-based Chinese steel producer, has recently inked a sales contract for 50,000 mt of steel rails with state-owned China Railway Group for the first stage of the construction of a railway in Venezuela. Panzhihua Steel will be the only steel rail supplier for what will be the largest overseas railway construction program, worth a total value of $7.5 billion, carried out by a Chinese company.

The railway in question will have a total length of 471.5 kilometres and will be suitable for trains travelling at up to 220 kilometres per hour.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
The innovative MetroCable inaugurated this year in the San Agustin neighbourhood of Caracas will be part of a New York Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) exhibit focusing on extraordinary projects to improve social conditions.

It stretches high across the Caracas skyline, over one of the city’s oldest and poorest neighbourhoods, San Agustin. The incredible vision of the high-tech cable cars gliding over the tin rooftops of a primarily Afro-Venezuelan community is a sign of Caracas’ great contradictions.

Gorgeous green, plush mountains surround a city plagued by boring block buildings and no urban design. The chaotic and congested capital of one of the world’s largest oil-producing countries has possibly the best climate year round – an eternal spring. Days are sprinkled with tropical sunshine and the occasional spurt of rain. The climate is sheltered by the mountains, so it’s not too hot during the day and just chilly enough in the evening for a light jacket.

But the oil-induced economy and rampant corruption created dramatic divisions in wealth throughout the twentieth century, and the mass disparity between the rich and the poor is evidenced by the stark shacks freckled on the hillsides of Caracas, surrounding the wealthier luxury high-rise condominiums and quintas protected by electric fences, gated communities and large concrete walls to keep outsiders (the poor) from seeing their stolen riches.

The government of Hugo Chavez has been struggling for ten years to eradicate poverty, succeeding in reducing extreme poverty by 50% as of 2009 and implementing free educational, health and job services nationwide. But crime rates have soared in Caracas, despite government initiatives to build new police forces, implement community-based neighbourhood watch programs and address crime at its social roots by alleviating the ailments of poverty. There is still much work to be done.

The innovative MetroCable transport system inaugurated earlier this year is an attempt to reduce some of the daily difficulties that make life arduous for those that live in the poor, hillside communities. It’s a dream come true for the majority working class and poor community of San Agustin, one of the oldest and compact neighbourhoods in Caracas.

Like other poorer areas in the Venezuelan capital, San Agustin runs steeply and dangerously up the mountainside, making transport by vehicle difficult and often impossible. Some areas are only accessible via unstable stairs built into the city’s towering hills. For some senior citizens and the disabled, leaving the neighbourhood was only a rare possibility when sufficient help and support was available.

But now, all that has changed. The hardships of accessing a steep mountainside community have been relieved by the Venezuelan government’s innovative new MetroCable car system.

A combination of Austrian, Brazilian and French technology, the whole system cost the government over $262 million USD. More than 36,000 people are benefiting daily from the unusual transport that has been integrated with the Caracas Metro, the city’s underground public transportation system.

Operating daily from 6am to 10pm, the Metrocable costs each user .50 bolivars (approximately 10 cents) roundtrip. Its 50 cars operate continuously from morning to night, carrying community members traditionally excluded from prior governments’ policies.

The system itself is run by residents of San Agustin who underwent training during the last 2 years with the Caracas Metro. During its construction, community members were also employed to work as carpenters, builders and assistants. “The idea is that the community itself not only uses the MetroCable, but also identify with it as their own. They built it, they run it, they use it, so they will take care of it”, said Victor Matute, president of the Caracas Metro, during the inauguration in January.

“These public works will liberate the people”, declared President Hugo Chavez during the inaugural ceremony for the new transport system. The objective is to benefit a historically excluded part of the population. “Poverty is a heavy weight that lashes us like a whip every hour of every day. We will not rest until there is social justice in Venezuela”, declared Chavez.

International Acclaim

In recognition of its extraordinary image and impact on the San Agustin community, the Caracas MetroCable was selected to be part of the exhibit, “Small Scale, Big Change: New Architectures of Social Engagement”, a major exhibition organized by the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. The exhibit will explore contemporary architecture as a powerful means for improving social conditions, focusing on 11 noteworthy built or under-construction projects in underserved communities around the world.

The exhibition will be on view from October 3, 2010, through January 3, 2011. Concentrating on a group of architects who confront inequality by using the tools of design, Small Scale, Big Change will examine the ways these architects engage with local, social, economic, and political circumstances to develop positive architectural interventions that begin with an understanding of and deference to a community.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Um?


Collapse of the Metro or of Civilisation?

Dec 4th 2010 , by Debate Socialista


The Caracas Metro is no longer adequate enough as transport for the megalopolis. A range of solutions have been suggested, from the demagogic and irresponsible ideas of [opposition Caracas Mayor Antonio] Ledezma to the cautious solutions of the minister of transport, who recommends not using the Metro. We think the difficulties of the Metro need to be analysed more profoundly.

Capitalist civilisation provides clear examples of unfeasibility: Ecological disorder that affects ecosystems, makes species extinct, and brings nature’s harmony to an end; climate change that melts even the snow of Mount Kilimanjaro; and the reoccurring economic crises, would be a few of those examples.

Here in Venezuela, the difficulties of capitalist civilisation, even though they are less felt thanks to the revolutionary government, they still come out of the structure of our society.

One example is the recent drought that threatened us with a serious electricity crisis, and another is, without doubt, the problems of the Metro, of transport, and also insecurity.

In 1983, the Metro transported 55 million passengers, and almost 500 million in 2009. It’s easy to see that the problem is structural, the capitalist megalopolis is unviable.

The crisis of capitalist civilisation is unavoidable; difficulties will get worse and worse, and there’s no definitive answer within the capitalist system. Within it, you can only apply palliatives – the unavoidable destiny is the collapse of the system.

The solution can only be social. It’s vital to break with the vicious cycle of satisfying needs with measures that deepen the crisis. The construction of another way of life, of perceiving the world, of relations among us and with nature, is urgent.

While society demands crazy amounts of consumerism, there won’t be a solution. While limiting such consumerism means a loss of popular power, while policy is dedicated to the highest bidder, while that is the logic that rules society, there won’t be a future for the country or for humanity.

Only a society capable of deciding its own destiny, liberated from the logic that capital imposes, will be able to survive, to be an example for the rest of humanity. This society is a socialist society and to construct it is our aim.

It’s vital to progress towards socialism; it’s an issue of life or death. Either we do it or we perish and the time of palliatives has already passed.

And to head towards socialism means to take measures that radically change our way of living, even if some people categorise these measures as “craziness”.

We’ll show that we have a government and a society that intends to be different. We’ll be an example to the world. Let’s confront the problems that we face due to the capitalist crisis with audacious measures that get to the heart of the problems. We should explain the extent of the measures to the people, dare to break with schemes and traditions and take the risks of founding a new world. We trust that the people will understand these measures. The discussion of them will educate us in socialism.

Translated by Tamara Pearson for Venezuelanalysis.com.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Again, not new-

The Bolivarian government continues strengthening a comfortable and fast mass transportation system for the Venezuelan citizens, affirmed President Hugo Chávez on November 4 as he unveiled the founding plate of the Bolivarian Cable Car of Petare, a barrio located in the Sucre Municipality, Caracas’ east.


The Bolivarian Cable Car of Petare will be part of the Metro system and it will benefit 100,000 people.

The investment made in this transportation system, which wil be finished in October 2011, amounts to US $ 300 million.

The Venezuela president stressed that this project “does not have political colors.”

“None of the projects promoted by the Venezuelan government does (have political colors); they will benefit all Venezuelans and all social classes.”

President Chávez added that “in this moment we are building several hundred kilometers of railways, as well as subways, cable cars, trolley-cars (…) These mass transportation systems are a solution to the traffic problem in Caracas.”

In this sense, he affirmed that the capitalist system, where each person pretends to have a car, is not sustainable sine it threatens the planet’s life.

As President Chávez referred to the priorities of the Bolivarian government, he explained that what’s important is to fight for equality, one of the goals of these transportation systems.

The Venezuelan president said that insecurity is part of the priorities, but he highlighted that “we can not separate insecurity from the rest of the issues. It’s a social and cultural problems caused by inequalities. Capitalism is the kingdom of injustice and the kingdom of violence.”
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Old report - but much information-

March 22, 2009 Railway Development Boosts Dynamically

The program, having started in 2006 and lasting until 2030, will include the installation of 15 13,000-kilometers-railways connecting the states of the northern coasts with the center and west of the country, as well as it will promote the economic exchange with the members of ALBA and UNASUR

The Bolivarian Government continues executing the National Plan for Railways Development, started in 2006 and expected to be consolidated for 2030, with the construction of 15 railways of more than 13,000 kilometers long.

The project implies the consolidation of the newest communication system of Venezuela, and it will be able to transport about 210 million passengers a year and an estimate charge of 190 million tons per year by 1,548 trains.

It will have 379 train stations, including passenger stations, cargo stations, technical stations and inter-stations all over the country.

The main purposes are guaranteeing the national endogenous development by means of a railways system, decongesting the national road system and providing new development scopes, as well as considerably saving energy per passenger and ton of cargo transported, facilitating the development of border towns and stimulating the drop of overpopulation in the north-coastal region.

Additionally, the railways system is expected to strengthen international trade with the countries member of the Bolivarian Alternative for the Peoples of our America (ALBA, Spanish acronym) and of the South-American Nations Union (UNASUR, Spanish acronym) among other integration mechanisms.

The system comprises the stretch Tinaco-Anaco (Guárico-Anzoátegui, Center- northwest), whose construction started on March 22, during Aló Presidente broadcast number 328.

The stretch called “Emilio Arévalo Cedeño”, is part of the North plains- Center West System, including the states of Cojedes, Guárico, Aragua and Anzoátegui, with a length of 468 kilometers and 10 stations (Tinaco, El Pao, Dos Caminos, El Sombrero, Chaguaramas, Valle de la Pascua, Tucupido, Zaraza, Aragua de Barcelona and Anaco). It will count on 4 inter-stations and a demand per year of 5,800,000 passengers and 9,800,000 cargo tons, and a speed of 220 Km/H. It will also generate 1,800 direct and more than 5,400 indirect employments.

The main purpose of the construction of this stretch is the operation of a multi-modal passenger and cargo transportation system cheaper and more efficient.

This stretch will benefit the Endogenous Development Centers (NUDE, Spanish acronym) of Campo Libertador, Argimiro Gabaldón, Santa Rosa de Tácata, Roblecito and Agua Clara, among others.

Also, it will include the economic areas of Sustainable Development of Mesa de Guanipa, Camatagua, and El Sombrero.

Likewise, the stretch San Juan-San Fernando, called “Rodrigo Arévalo” is under construction, and is part of the route La Encrucijada- San Fernando de Apure. It will cover the states of Guárico and Apure (south). It will count on a length of 252 kilometers, seven stations in total (San Juan, Ortiz, El Rastro, Calabozo, Corozo Pando, Camaguán, and San Fernando de Apure) and four stockpile centers (Ortiz, Calabozo, and San Fernando de Apure), with a electrified double railway.

This stretch, will have a demand per year of 2,700,000 passengers and 2,800,000 cargo tons, with a speed of 180 Km/H, it will produce 1,800 direct and about 2,160 indirect jobs.

This route is conceived for the development of the north plains region and the Orinoco Apure Belt, permitting the efficient and cheap transportation of big amount of cargo and passengers and establishing a communication means between the development scopes: La Encrucijada, Aragua state (junction of many trade routes of the north coastal area) and San Fernando de Apure at an Industrial level.

The stretch will also cover Calabozo, a very prosperous area in terms of agriculture and fishing. Additionally, it will stimulate the interregional trade and the economic growth of the surrounding populations.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Important improvements in roads around the metropolitan area of Caracas will connect the capital with Vargas State, which holds the country's main airport and where a great number of commuters live. Also, a new motorway will connect the west and east sides of the country without going through Caracas, which oddly enough it's absolutely necessary nowadays.

Inland, two new railway networks will connect four cities in northern and western Venezuela. The trains will use diesel and they will carry both freight and passengers. Also, the first line of the tram system will be completed in Barquisimeto City and lines 1 and 3 will be extended in Merida City.

The whole public transport system run by the state is subsidised. It includes underground options in Venezuela's main cities like the Caracas Metro, Los Teques Metro, the Maracaibo Metro and the Valencia Metro, where the standard fare ranges from two to three cents of a dollar. There's also the Metrocable, a cable car system that connects the city to one of the most densely populated barrios in Caracas.

These new transport and road networks will directly benefit thousands of Venezuelans who will be able to seek for living opportunities in cities different from the over-populated capital, as well as contribute to the Venezuelan economy which according to the government is experiencing an unprecedented boom.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Venezuelan Government to Carry Out Five Mass Transit Works by 2013

Caracas - A total of five new works will be executed by the Venezuelan government between now and 2013 to expand mass transit for the benefit of the population, reported Minister of Transportation Francisco Garces.

The project BusCaracas, with two stages planned for operation in the first quarter of 2012, as well as extensions of lines 1 and 3 of Merida Trolley and the first phase of Barquisimeto Trolley, are some of the projects that will be built according to a press release of the Ministry of Communication and Information.

Other plans include the almost completed Yaritagua-Acarigua Barquisimeto rail segments, and Moron and Yaritagua of the Simon Bolivar West Central System, to be completed by early 2013.

These projects have an additional funding of over 1.4 billion Bolivars (334 million USD), recently approved by the national government.

In the case of the Caracas subway, there are two projects: line 5, which plans to transport around 200,000 people per day by 2015, and Guarenas-Guatire connection with delivery date in 2016.
 
Tonymercury Sir Nigel Gresley

Location: Botany NSW
Venezuela's transport and communications ministry (MPPTC) plans to invest some 4.97bn bolívares (US$1.16bn) in transport infrastructure as part of its 2011-12 public works program.

The program, which kicks off this month, allocates some 1.44bn bolívares to improve mass transportation, including the 147mn-bolívar expansion of the bus rapid transit (BRT) system in capital Caracas.

MPPTC will begin the first phase of the rehabilitation of the Yaritagua-Morón stretch of the Centro Occidental Simón Bolívar rail network, which will require an investment of 987mn bolívares through November 2012.

Other projects include completion of the Maracaibo metro, Barquisimeto's BRT line 1 and Mérida city's BRT lines 1 and 3.


HIGHWAYS

The ministry plans to spend 701mn bolívares to repair some 364km of major highways and another 91.7mn bolívares to repair the Angostura bridge in Bolívar state.

MPPTC will also build some 130km of new highways to improve connectivity between Barinas, Carabobo, Distrito Capital, Miranda, Trujillo and Vargas states.

In Caracas, 1.03bn bolívares is being used to begin work on the extension of Boyacá avenue, which will connect with the Caracas-La Guaira highway. The project's total cost is estimated at 5.16bn bolívares, according to the plan.

Finally, the program calls for around 1bn bolívares for emergency highway repairs including construction of retaining walls and paving and drainage works in 16 states.V
 

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