News index

 

Asciano

80 stories | Newest story posted last month
QR warns passengers about ignoring train station safety

Queensland Rail is pleading with people not to take risks near railways, releasing a video showing the blatant disregard for safety around trains.

Asciano pays over $8m million to CEO John Mullen

Asciano’s executive remuneration 2016 report revealed that CEO John Mullen will have been paid just over $8.

Pacific National's turn at ACCC for Glencore Rail

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has kicked off its investigation into Pacific National's bid for Glencore's Hunter Valley coal haulage business.

Asciano in terrible financial results shocker

Asciano, the ports-rail group that was the subject of fevered takeover bids, hasn’t done too well in this last financial year.

10kg train shrapnel flies through pedestrian crossing

Train malfunctions at Narangba with a 10kg chunk of shrapnel punching through both sides of a crossing.

Asian Rail News

151 stories | Newest story posted 4 hours ago
Gyeonggang Line opens in Seoul

The first 55 km section of the east-west Gyeonggang Line opened on September 24, serving the southeastern suburbs of Seoul.

Chennai metro reaches airport

The second phase of the Chennai metro opened on September 21 when Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu flagged off the inaugural train at Chennai International Airport.

China regional rail venture struggles to gather steam

Beijing and Bangkok push ahead with high-speed train project but wrangles remain

CRRC shows its full range at InnoTrans

A highlight of the CRRC stand at InnoTrans 2016 is a concept model for a possible intercontinental high speed train, which the company is promoting for future landbridge rail services between China and Europe.

Aurizon

109 stories | Newest story posted 3 weeks ago
Aurizon announces MD & CEO succession

[center]Aurizon Holdings today announced the impending departure of Managing Director & Chief Executive Officer Lance Hockridge and the appointment of Andrew Harding as his successor.

Aurizon launches Sydney Port Shuttle

On August 30 Aurizon announced it had begun operating a freight shuttle from the Port of Botany to the Enfield Intermodal facility in western Sydney, which it leases from NSW Ports under a 10-year deal.

Aurizon secures new contract with K&S Freighters

[center]Aurizon has secured a new five year contract with K&S Freighters, one of the nation’s leading freight forwarders, worth approximately $20 - $25 million in revenue per annum.

Aurizon profits slides amid falling coal volumes cancels share buy back

Rail and logistics company Aurizon, Australia’s largest rail-freight operator, has seen its profit tank following a string of writedowns, as the downturn in the resources sector impacts haulage across the country.

Cityrail News

361 stories | Newest story posted 18 hours ago
Train guards in firing line from NSW's $2.3 billion intercity fleet renewal

The jobs of scores of train guards on NSW's intercity rail fleet are under threat from the purchase of new trains from South Korea that can be operated solely by drivers.

Sydney Trains station staff to undergo another Staff Review

Sydney Trains station staff are going through another 'Staff Review" with new rosters due to commence in October.

Youth videoed kicking out train door escapes penalty

Rail authorities are not saying what happened in the investigation of a youth who was caught on camera kicking out a carriage door on a train between Hurstville and Kogarah.

Teenager filmed kicking in doors of Sydney train

A teenager has been captured on video violently vandalising and sticking his head out the window of a moving train in Sydney’s south.

Sydney's western rail line packed to full capacity 'within 15 years'

The capacity of the western rail line between Sydney's CBD and Parramatta to handle more commuters will be exhausted within 15 years, Transport Minister Andrew Constance says.

Gunzelling Reports

604 stories | Newest story posted 4 weeks ago
Gheringhap Sightings w/e 27/8/2016

There were 77 sightings for this week; this is three sightings less than last week, making a total of 2605 sightings for this year to date.

Gheringhap Sightings w/e 20/8/2016

There were 80 sightings for this week; this is seven sightings less than last week, making a total of 2528 sightings for this year to date.

Gheringhap Sightings w/e 13/8/2016

There were 87 sightings for this week; this is two sightings more than last week, making a total of 2448 sightings for this year to date.

Gheringhap Sightings w/e 6/8/2016

There were 85 sightings for this week; this is five sightings more than last week, making a total of 2361 sightings for this year to date.

Gheringhap Sightings w/e 30/7/2016

There were 80 sightings for this week; this is one sightings less than last week, making a total of 2276 sightings for this year to date.

International Rail News

3826 stories | Newest story posted 2 hours ago
State takes over Perpignan – Figueres

Infrastructure managers SNCF Réseau and ADIF are to take over the operation of the high speed line between Perpignan in France and Figueres in Spain, after creditors were unable to agree terms for restructuring the €557m debt of its builder and operator TP Ferro.

Bombardier and CRRC sign strategic co-operation agreement

Bombardier Transportation and China Railway Rolling Stock Corp announced the signing of a 'strategic agreement to expand and deepen their relationship' on September 23.

Three countries agree 1 500 km corridor plan

The governments of Botswana, Mozambique and Zimbabwe have agreed to develop a 1 500 km mixed-traffic rail corridor to serve an expanded port at Techobanine, 70 km south of Maputo.

MTR expects first high speed train

CHINA: MTR Corp announced on September 23 that it was shortly expecting to take delivery by sea of the first of nine high speed trainsets being supplied by CRRC Qingdao Sifang to operate from Kowloon to Shenzhen and Guangzhou on the Express Rail Link.

First test for ETCS Baseline 3

Alstom announced on September 23 that, in conjunction with infrastructure authority Banedanmark, it had carried out the first successful tests of ETCS Level 2 Baseline 3, validated by the European Union Agency for Railways in July.

Letters to the Editor

142 stories | Newest story posted 3 days ago
Why short-haul intermodal rail services succeed

Compiled by the Australian government’s Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport & Regional Economics, Research Report 139 looks at the economics of moving containers by rail over distances of less than 1000 km, and particularly at port-hinterland flows serving major conurbations.

Sydney's hidden lake deep underneath the CBD

A fresh water lake has been uncovered underneath Sydney’s CBD, inside an old rail tunnel that was built in the early 1900s.

Melbourne's Phantom Railways

Melbourne is a city of phantom railways.

Why BlueScope cares more about wind farms than submarines

Battling Arrium will on Thursday produce the first steel from its Whyalla steelworks for a 600km upgrade of railway lines flowing from a contract announced by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, while prosperous rival BlueScope Steel chases much larger volume work from wind farms.

Proposed Refinements to the Murray Basin Rail Standardisation Plan

It has been nearly twenty years since VLine was a freight carrier in Victoria and yet they have been tasked to design and execute the  Murray Basin upgrade and standardisation project.

Model Railways

13 stories | Newest story posted 6 months ago
Trainorama 830 class 847 review

After what seems an eternity, 

Just arrived, 830 class, 849 at a special price of $285

The continuing production run of the 48 Class and 830 Class is proceeding smoothly with the next delivery expected in the first quarter of 2016.

Response to Austrains' announcement of a C30 tank and C30T

Austrains' principal John Eassie has announced on the Austrains website that he intends to produce HO scale models of the NSWGR 30 Class 4-6-4 tank loco

Statement from Ixion Model Railways Ltd

Ixion Model Railways Ltd recently announced the acquisition of the rights, design and tools to the Shrike Models HO scale NSWGR C30T 4-6-0 model locomotive from the new owner of those rights.

Hornby boss quits after third profit warning in five months

Hornby’s chief executive, Richard Ames, has quit less than a week after the model railway maker issued a third profit warning in five months and said it risked breaching a lending agreement with its bank.

Narrow Gauge

46 stories | Newest story posted 2 weeks ago
Rich In History

One of the benefits of working with Puffing Billy locomotives is the chance to discover the rich industrial heritage that come with them, such as the eccentric strap (above and below) which currently resides on 6A, and yet is clearly marked '5'.

D21 - The Return Journey

When D21, the trusty Belgrave yard shunter, came in for its last exam,  it was deemed time to re-tyre the wheelsets based on the level of wear  and how close they were to the condemning limit.

Ashpans & Exams

Sparks!

216 NQR - Part 2

The restoration of 216 NQR, being run by our Tuesday volunteer team, is progressing well.

Bogie in Brief

What, you may wonder, is the next step in the development of the new Fox bogie?

New South Wales Rail News

2327 stories | Newest story posted 23 hours ago
Newcastle rail corridor rezoning proposed

NEWCASTLE councillors have been asked to vote on changes to the city’s planning laws that would allow mixed use development, public recreation, educational and tourist uses on the rail corridor between Worth Place and Newcastle station.

Walking on rail lines at Clifton could be deadly

People are risking being hit by a train just to get a better view of the Sea Cliff Bridge.

Single-deck metro trains on Airport Link a win for airline passengers

Converting Sydney's existing airport train line between Central and Revesby  to take single-deck metro trains is an option under consideration as the state government grapples with the rail needs of western Sydney.

Six rail options for Badgerys Airport

A half-hour train trip from Sydney's CBD to the new Badgerys Creek Airport is one of six options proposed in a newly released discussion paper.

Rail trail group backflips on Byron Line

Northern Rivers Rail Trail (NRRT) have reneged on plans to co-operate with re-elected mayor Simon Richardson and rail advocate group Trains On Our Tracks (TOOT) for a shared multi-modal use of the disused Byron Shire section of the railway.

New Zealand Rail News

213 stories | Newest story posted 3 weeks ago
AT's airport rail link decision 'deeply flawed'

The report which spurred Auckland Transport's decision to rule out heavy rail between the city centre and Auckland Airport is "deeply flawed" advocates say.

Electric vehicles likely to supersede light rail

“Renewed talk about the need for investment in light rail for Wellington comes as a surprise and would cost a huge amount of money and be a white elephant within a very few years,” Mayoral Candidate Jo Coughlan said today.

Rail group to hold candidates forum

THE Gisborne Rail Action Group will hold a public forum on August 19 where election candidates will be invited to state their position on the Gisborne-Napier rail line.

Petition grows for rail to east Auckland

An online petition for a rail system linking Auckland's CBD to its southeastern suburbs has garnered almost 3000 signatures.

KiwiRail orders more CRRC Dalian locomotives

An agreement for CRRC Dalian to supply a further 15 DL Class diesel locomotives was signed by KiwiRail Chief Executive Peter Reidy in Dalian on August 2.

Northern Territory Rail News

206 stories | Newest story posted 7 months ago
Red Centre salt mine progresses on back of major supply agreement

A salt mining company has signed an agreement with Indonesian business PT Damarco Internasional to supply 70 per cent of salt produced from its Central Australian mine.

Northern Australia rail project takes important step

A new rail project crossing the Northern Territory and Queensland border has taken another move forward after the governments agreed to progress the Mount Isa to Tennant Creek railway.

Chinese eye Top End rail investment

China's influential National Development and Reform Commission has asked the federal government for a shortlist of priority projects – including rail infrastructure – as part of a big investment push into Northern Australia.

NT Govt to look at rail between Katherine and Kununurra

A feasibility study to investigate the construction of a railway between the town of Katherine, in the Northern Territory, and Kununurra, in Western Australia, will be commissioned by the NT government.

Northern Territory Government to spend $1m exploring feasibility of Tennant Creek to Mt Isa rail project

The Northern Territory Government has committed $1 million to investigate the feasibility of building a rail line from Tennant Creek (NT) to Mt Isa (Qld).

Opinion

60 stories | Newest story posted one week ago
Italy's high-speed rail is the Ferrari of trains

There's no doubt the French do trains well.

Sydney Airport passengers shift to train use

Record numbers of people are travelling by rail to Sydney's domestic and international airports to escape road congestion, with one in five travellers now taking the train, says Sydney Airport chief executive Kerrie Mather.

Inland Rail: Only ‘red tape and political gutlessness’ stopping simple project

IT’S a bit like our own infrastructure version of the “Yowie’’ – plenty have seen visions of it, but no-one has been able to capture this magnificent, mythical 1700km rail corridor holding the key to untold economic riches.

Metro Rail Complaints very Victorian

Victorians have known for years that the building of the $11 billion Melbourne Metro Rail Project would be incredibly disruptive to city life.

Other Transport News

361 stories | Newest story posted 4 days ago
What the hell is going on with Apple and McLaren?

IT’S no secret Apple has been trying to get into the electric self-driving car business.

Port of Melbourne to be sold for $9.7 billion

The Port of Melbourne will be sold to a consortium led by QIC Ltd for $9.

Australia's first driverless bus in Perth

Australia's first driverless and electric shuttle bus has began operating on a road containing other traffic in a trial in Perth.

How disaster after disaster brought McAleese down

The last two weeks provide a perfect summary of the last decade of the career of logistics entrepreneur Mark Rowsthorn – and none of it makes for pleasant reading.

New York's JFK airport in chaos amid reports of possible shooting

Travellers have been evacuated from two terminals at John F Kennedy International airport in 

Press Releases

222 stories | Newest story posted 2 weeks ago
SRHC Special Rail & Rail Trip to Queenscliff

The Seymour Railway Heritage Centre invites you on a special vintage diesel haul heritage railway tour to Geelong on Saturday 8th October, with an option to travel on to Queenscliff by Coach.

South & West Gippsland Transport Meeting with the Rail, Tram & Bus Union

The South & West Gippsland Transport Group will be meeting with the Rail, Tram & Bus Union on Monday the 15th of August.

Candidates urged to back rail's return to South Gippsland

'Candidates urged to back rail's return', The Great Southern Star, Wednesday the 15th of June 2016, Page 14

Intelligence and Competence Eludes Infrastructure Victoria

Infrastructure Australia's Inland Rail Link from Melbourne through NSW to Brisbane is going to be declared an economic zone from border to border to benefit Regional Centres and Country towns along the rail corridor.

Queensland Rail News

1562 stories | Newest story posted 18 hours ago
Brisbane cross river rail seeks overseas cash

OVERSEAS investors have expressed strong interest in helping fund the $5.

Northside rail commuters warned

Northside rail commuters will face delays until at least Friday as preparations swing into full gear for the long-awaited opening of the Redcliffe Peninsula line.

Coal transport on railway line disrupted derailment

Coal transport on the Newlands Coal Rail System, which links several met coal mines in Queensland to the Abbot Point Coal Terminal, has been disrupted due to a derailment on September 11, market sources and rail operator Aurizon said Tuesday.

Safety concerns soar on south-east Queensland's train network

South-east Queensland commuters feel less safe on the greater Brisbane train network than they did a year ago by quite some margin, a new survey has discovered.

Police gain rail security cam access, prompting concerns

A State Government deal to give police extensive access to Queensland Rail security cameras earns the ire of the Council for Civil Liberties.

Rail Events

90 stories | Newest story posted 3 weeks ago
S&WTG Meeting 7pm-9pm Thursday September 15 Austral Hotel Korumbura

A message to all supporters, the South and West Gippsland Transport Group will be holding a meeting on Thursday the 15th of September, 2016 at the Austral Hotel, 34 Bridge St, Korumburra VIC 3950 upstairs between 7:00pm and 9:00pm.

The Toronto Branch Line of NSW

[color=#1d2129][size=2][font=helvetica, arial, sans-serif]On June 9 1984, the weekend on which electric services between Sydney and Newcastle commenced, NSW State Rail Authority two-car diesel train 630/730 runs a local suburban service on the Toronto line.

Sydney's vintage electric train

Take a ride aboard Sydney's vintage electric train for a non-stop journey from North Sydney, across the Sydney Harbour Bridge through the City Underground and onto the Sutherland Shire.

DU student who jumped before Metro train dies

The DU student, Anuradha, who had sustained a head injury in an attempt to suicide at Indraprastha Metro station last week, succumbed at L.

Big Boy No. 4014 Restoration Begins

With the successful restoration of locomotive No.

Rail News

3300 stories | Newest story posted yesterday
World rail infrastructure market September 2016

Argentina: Marubeni has signed a US$63m contract to supply Automatic Train Stop technology for the US$250m Buenos Aires ATS project which covers 280 trainsets and 1500 track-km.

World rolling stock market September 2016

Canada: Metrolinx has exercised options worth C$428m for Bombardier to supply GO Transit with 125 more BiLevel double-deck coaches in 2018-20.

Using mobile devices as surveillance cameras

Finnish technology company Teleste is showing a range of wireless technologies for the rail and transport industries at InnoTrans 2016.

Smart air conditioning by air

Liebherr-Transportation Systems are showing its next generation air cycle technology air-conditioning at InnoTrans 2016.

Lightweight chargers and transformers

ABB presented two product developments at InnoTrans 2016, with improved energy efficiency, weight and size.

Railpage Australia News

106 stories | Newest story posted one week ago
Voting open for September 2016 photo comp

Voting is now open for our monthly international photo competition.

Submissions open for September 2016 photo comp

Submissions are now open for our monthly international photo competition.

August 2016 photo comp

Congratulations to T347 who has won the August 2016 photo competition with 14 votes.

Voting open for August 2016 photo comp

Voting is now open for our monthly international photo competition.

Submissions open for August 2016 photo comp

Submissions are now open for our monthly international photo competition.

Railway Preservation

18 stories | Newest story posted one week ago
GM1 leaves Adelaide for Streamliners in Goulburn

Today Rail Heritage WA's historic Commonwealth Railways locomotive GM 1 departed Islington Workshops in Adelaide on the first step of it's journey to the "Streamliners 2016" event in Goulburn, and then ultimately Perth.

Visit of vintage “red rattler” gives Cronulla commuters a ride down memory lane

Hundreds of people took a train ride down memory lane when one of Sydney’s old “red rattlers” rolled into Cronulla Station last weekend.

Victorian Colonial Express

After many years in storage, authentic 1890s passenger carriages are now back on the rails on the Victorian Goldfields Railway

Heritage rail society is back on track

Thousands of Canberrans are expected to converge on the ACT's heritage railway museum from this Friday for one of the most ambitious 

Volunteers returning rail to the Yarra Valley

ONE of Australia’s largest volunteer projects is bringing rail back to the Yarra Ranges.

Railway Stories

48 stories | Newest story posted 3 weeks ago
Moving mail by rail made for fond memories

A clerk sorted mail on a Railway Post Office car in Kansas City in 1932.

Zig Zag Railway battling adversity to finally get itself back on track

It has been the most frequently asked question from tourists in the area this summer when is the Zig Zag Railway reopening?

Hello everyone from the wilds of Central Burma!

I’m writing to you from Nay Pay Daw, the new capital built from scratch just 10 years ago in a fertile area of rice fields, lakes and rolling hills.

Puffing Billy keeps Australian steam train history alive

Puffing Billy keeps Australian steam train history alive

Art That Makes You Wish You Were There

“Some travel posters show you what you’ll see,” said Nicholas D.

South Australian Rail News

535 stories | Newest story posted 2 weeks ago
SA Government slammed for paying train drivers stop-work

The South Australian Government is "skirting around the spirit of the law", according to the Opposition, after paying train drivers to stop working on Wednesday as an industrial dispute continues.

And the worst rail stop in the west goes to ... Adelaide’s People for Public Transport rate 27 stations

MANY train stations in the western suburbs have been left behind those on other commuter lines and are in urgent need of an upgrade, a consumer survey has found.

Adelaide train commuters offered free travel day, as another rail outage looms

Adelaide rail commuters will be offered free travel on Thursday next week, the day after a stoppage will affect some day-time services.

Rail union strike timed to hit Adelaide Crows match against West Coast

CROWS fans have criticised authorities for running trains from Port Adelaide into the city for the club’s match on Friday night, instead of areas where they say more Adelaide supporters live.

SA rail workers ready to keep striking

Train workers in South Australia will keep striking over the coming weeks to get a better deal, a lawyer representing most of the workers says.

Tasmanian Rail News

306 stories | Newest story posted 4 hours ago
Coal by rail returns to Boyer

After an absence of several years, regular coal deliveries, by rail, to the Norske Skog Boyer Paper Mill in the Derwent Valley in Southern Tasmania is due to resume on the 4th of October.

Rail trail projects delayed for now

The state government’s plan to rebirth old railway lines as cycleways and walking tracks has been delayed after the Legislative Council adjourned a crucial debate on its supporting legislation.

A burning car on the Bell Bay rail line stops freight train service

A FREIGHT train was forced to stop on the Bell Bay line this morning to avoid a burnt-out vehicle which was still smouldering on the track.

Hobart City Council calls for answers on CBD log truck movements

HOBART City Council has asked the State Government to detail what impact 180,000 additional tonnes of logs being trucked through the city will have on CBD traffic.

Train tourism heads off the rails in Tasmania

THE Strategic Infrastructure Corridors (Strategic and Recreation Use) Bill 2016 will be introduced into the Legislative Council on Thursday.

Train Simulator News

58 stories | Newest story posted 3 months ago
Atlantic High Speed Route & TGV Atlantique

Experience the high speed TGV Atlantique on the 220km Atlantic High Speed route running south-west from Paris Montparnasse to St-Pierre-des-Corps station in Tours, passing through the two high speed stations at Massy-TGV and Vendome-TGV.

BR 7MT Advanced Released for TS2016

This collection includes highly detailed BR 7MT locomotives in six variants, with black and green liveries in clean, intermediate and heavily weathered conditions.

BNSF Mainline Power Now Available

Dekosoft Trains announces its latest release: BNSF Mainline Power.

1960s Diesel Super Power!

Born of the 1960s, Union Pacific’s “35 Trio” – the Electro-Motive GP35, DD35, and DD35A – are now ready for Train Simulator service

Tram and Light Rail News

978 stories | Newest story posted 6 minutes ago
UKVZ to supply trams to St Petersburg

UKVZ has submitted the best bid for a contract to supply 19 trams to St Petersburg.

Stop lengthening works - Stop CC2 Spring St and Stop 119

As part of the modernisation of Melbourne's tram network, the State Government is investing more than $1.

Solaris and Stadler to bid jointly for tram projects

Polish bus and tram manufacturer Solaris and Swiss rolling stock supplier Stadler Rail announced on September 20 that they will be forming consortia to bid in tram and light rail vehicle tenders in Central and Eastern Europe.

Plans for light rail ready to roll

PLANNING for the third stage of the city’s light rail network is about to become serious, with the council preparing to call design and engineering tenders.

Light rail expansion boosts Unimog

The increasing global popularity of European-style light systems is providing a boost for Mercedes-Benz's Unimog range of trucks, which the manufacturer's industrial partners such as Zagro and Zweiweg can adapt for a multitude of road-rail applications.

Victorian Rail News

4124 stories | Newest story posted 4 days ago
No show for Metro Trains staff on Showgrounds

The railway station at the Melbourne Showgrounds is so badly dilapidated that rail staff  say they won't work there again after this year's show finishes next week.

Melbourne commuters squeezed onto overcrowded trains

Public Transport Victoria figures show overcrowding on trains during the morning peak is getting worse.

Rail Revival Alliance raises issues over Murray Basin Plan

Rail Revival Alliance president Noel Laidlaw says he is concerned that a potential lack of future infrastructure as part of the Murray Basin rail project will cause trouble for holding yards at towns such as Maryborough.

Melbourne train stations that aren’t quite where they say they are

If you’re looking for a house in a particular suburb, and think you can centre your search around the train station with the same name, then be warned: the name of the station might be misleading.

Study into extending south-west passenger rail services

Southern Grampians Shire Council is taking part in a government study into extending public transport passenger services in the south-west and Wimmera.

Western Australian Rail News

815 stories | Newest story posted 2 hours ago
WA Labor calls for more local work on rail

ONLY 2 per cent of the total manufacturing work to be done on 10 new railcars bound for Perth will be carried out by WA businesses.

Green light to Pilbara iron ore skyrail project

A WA mining company's plan to build a sky-rail to transport iron ore across the Pilbara has been given the green light by the Environmental Protection Authority.

$27m safety fix for rail crossing

Despite not having a transport minister since the weekend resignation of Dean Nalder, it is understood the State Government will today announce plans for the bridge at the Nicholson Road crossing in Canning Vale.

Transperth rated country's best train network for fifth year running

Transperth train users are a happy lot who love their trains, are carefree about terrorism and endure few delays – but their pet hate is others' loud phone conversations, a new survey shows.

Some Perth train stations may close

Consideration is being given to closing poorly patronised train stations on the Midland, Fremantle and Armadale lines.

Yarra Trams

111 stories | Newest story posted 3 weeks ago
Accessibility Update - Q3 2016

The Acland Street Terminus is currently being upgraded to a level access stop.

Books On The Rail sets books free on Melbourne's trams, trains and buses

Hundreds of books are travelling independently on Melbourne's trams, trains and buses in search of a reader.

Tram Network Upgrade - West Preston substation

Public Transport Victoria (PTV) and Yarra Trams would like to thank you for your patience with the delay to the commencement of works to construct the substation on Regent Street in J.

Celebrity tram announcements add to game day experience

Footy fans travelling by tram to the MCG will hear some of the game's most recognisable voices making on-board passenger announcements for the rest of the 2016 season.

July 2016 performance results

Yarra Trams delivered 99.

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