Sadly there are people of aboriginal descent who see anything of the "white man's world" (school, laws, whatever suits their individual agenda) as irrelevant in "their country". I know this because they have told me so personally.
Unfortunately this is very much true. In most cases I suspect the rejection is not cultural, its just like non-native kids and adults who don't want to conform to "the system". For the native population, the current approach for this is let them live in their community, we will pay them welfare because thats what people expect, but we all know many of these communities are on par with lowly ranked 3rd world counties, houses built are destroyed, school is something "white people do" but thats ok, they can live traditionally and out of sight out of mind. Hell Alice Springs walled off part of their aboriginal community so not to scare the tourists.
As for Dirty Ballast's comment on locking up 10 year olds. Personally I agree, who wants to lock up an10 yr old, I have a 10yr old and I could not imagine him in jail. So I spent last night doing some reading on this, surprise. Most f these kids have been abused physically and sexually by their family, Parents often absent (I say this in Port Steward). However its easy to waffle off "don't lock up 10 year olds", but what do you do with kids who don't want to play by the rules? I don't have an answer, Dirty Ballast certainly doesn't as he would have stated it. In the old days they had a solution now considered unacceptable and we have apologized for it, ie stolen generations! In the rest of the country its called foster care!
At some point the kids crimes are such that they need to be removed from society, case in point the murderers of James Bulger were both aged 10 also not black. So until we have another answer, these kids, black, white, yellow, red etc who have been failed by their own families and people will continue to end up in jail.
For me, if I thought people were genuine and wanted to live a traditional way of live, I say go for it. We shouldn't be forcing them to live 21st century, hell many no natives don't want to live in the 21st century. But traditional does not involve alcohol, drugs, sex abuse, domestic violence, rape, incest, hunting dugon's with speed boats. Provide basics, such as medical, education clean water and food for those who want it, but no money!
In short, the politicians will again come up with fancy slogans, but nothing will work. It doesn't off-shore, why here apart from forcing people to stand up for themselves and go to work.