I still have serious doubts about autonomous cars. Level 5 automated vehicles are likely to be limited to certain areas IMO (I could be wrong) and thus defeating one of the main reasons people buy a car - flexibility.
With the higher capital outlay for EVs, I think we might see lease arrangements increase in popularity.
At the end of the day EVs aren't really the solution. In some ways a distraction from investment in Public Transport and better urban planning.
Your mixing your Levels.Level 3
requires human supervision and can operate in auto mode frequently but not everywhere.
Think Tesla Autopilot today. You can sit there and let the car drive itself, but must be paying attention and ready to take over and licensed driver.Level 4
is mixed but when in Auto driverless or non-driver focused mode (driver watch Youtube for example) the car can only operate on designated and controlled roads.
Tesla carpark automation where the cars comes to you is starting to enter Level 4. Again the driver must be licensed.Level 5
is fully autonomous and can operate anywhere with or without a human in the vehicle and the human doesn't have to know how to drive or e watching the road and the car may not even have full driver controls as you know today.
Think school run, but parents are not in the car. There are no Level 5 cars.
I think Level 5 and even potentially Level 4 will really open up the short-term car hire market and basically kill off the Uber / taxi industry or at least the drivers jobs that they employ.
Note: Taxi driver and local delivery driver's are on the jobs to go extinct list.
The Greens are going very quiet on EV's as the likes of Tesla and others are following has basically shown you can still have your large high powered, 4x4 car and not consume oil.
EV's are a solution to consuming less oil, less pollution and less urban noise and aimed at individual transport.
PT is a solution to reduced road congestion and aimed at mass transport. If you are one of the mass and going that direct, solution!
I think if anyone ever believed the cities of the future would not have cars in the numbers of today, they are terribly mistaken. The only difference is what is their energy source and who or rather what is driving the car.